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penn study finds linkage between social network structure and brain activity




when someone talks about using "your network" to find a job or answer a question, most people understand that to mean the interconnected web of your friends, family, and acquaintances. but we all have another key network that shapes our life in powerful ways: our brains. in the brain, impulses whiz ...



electrical 'switch' in brain's capillary network monitors activity and controls




image: the brain's vascular network, shown in this image, consists of arteries, which penetrate into the brain to feed a vast capillary network, which is then drained by veins. view more credit: courtesy of thomas longdenall it takes is the flip of a protein "switch" within the tiny wire-like capil...



study links brain structure, anxiety and negative bias in healthy adults




image: university of illinois psychology researcher sanda dolcos and graduate student yifan hu found brain differences among healthy college students that are linked to their risk of anxiety and negative bias. view more credit: photo by l. brian staufferchampaign, ill. -- healthy college students w...



brain stimulation improves schizophrenia-like cognitive problems




"a beautiful, lobular structure," is how krystal parker describes the cerebellum - a brain region located at the base of the skull just above the spinal column. the cerebellum is most commonly associated with movement control, but work from parker's lab and others is gradually revealing a much more ...



study shows association between gut microbes and brain structure in people with




image: dr. emeran mayer is pictured. view more credit: ucla healthfindingsa new study by researchers at ucla has revealed two key findings for people with irritable bowel syndrome about the relationship between the microorganisms that live in the gut and the brain. for people with ibs research sho...



surprising brain change appears to drive alcohol dependence




la jolla, ca - april 12, 2017 - a new study led by scientists at the scripps research institute (tsri) could help researchers develop personalized treatments for alcoholism and alcohol use disorder.the research reveals a key difference between the brains of alcohol-dependent versus nondependent rats...



human brain networks developing in adolescence related to evolutionary expansion




adolescence marks not only the period of physical maturation bridging childhood and adulthood, but also a crucial period for remodeling of the human brain. a penn study reveals new patterns of coordinated development in the outer layer of the cerebrum of the human brain and describes how these struc...



entrepreneurs love their companies like parents love their children




image: in terms of behavior and brain activation, the feelings entrepreneurs have for their companies are similar to those that parents have for their children. a recent study shows that love... view more credit: 123rfa multidisciplinary study, run by researcher marja-liisa halko from the universit...



penn researchers investigate how songbirds teach themselves songs




music can be a powerful form of expression. it's especially important for songbirds such as zebra finches, which learn the songs of their fathers in order to court mates.until now, scientists have typically thought of the bird's vocal development in terms of how one circuit in the brain learns a son...



brain scanning may sort intentional crimes from reckless crimes




enlargefbishare this storyconvicting someone of a crime depends in part on the mental state of the criminal. we make a distinction between knowing criminality and recklessness, and we give the two states of mind different levels of legal culpability. in the courtroom, however, assessing these men...



buzzing the brain with electricity can boost working memory




image: the scans show that stimulation 'in beat' increases brain activity in the regions involved in task performance. on the other hand, stimulation 'out of beat' showed activity in regions usually associated... view more credit: ines violantescientists have uncovered a method for improving short-...



graphene-based neural probes probe brain activity in high resolution




measuring brain activity with precision is essential to developing further understanding of diseases such as epilepsy and disorders that affect brain function and motor control. neural probes with high spatial resolution are needed for both recording and stimulating specific functional areas of the ...



attractiveness isn't about appearance. it's about how you express your emotions




when we talk about attractiveness, we think of appearance, which is something we can’t control much. or we would think of character for a second. but researches have found another hidden factor that is key to determine one’s attractiveness.in one study, participants were asked to watch video cl...



cats care about people more than food, new study finds




cats may have a reputation of being standoffish creatures who show their owners affection merely to fill their tummies.however, a new study carried out by scientists from oregon state university has determined that felines actually prefer human social interaction to food, making them no less loving ...



brain imaging headband measures how our minds align when we communicate




image: this is a cartoon image of brain 'coupling' during communication view more credit: drexel universitygreat ideas so often get lost in translation -- from the math teacher who can't get through to his students, to a stand-up comedian who bombs during an open mic night. but how can we measure w...



fmri may sort intentional crimes from reckless crimes




enlargefbishare this storyconvicting someone of a crime depends in part on the mental state of the criminal. we make a distinction between knowing criminality and recklessness, and we give the two states of mind different levels of legal culpability. in the courtroom, however, assessing these men...



wayne state researchers suggest that brain networks at rest are in readiness for




detroit - just as a sprinter's body and muscles are ready for action as they wait for the starting gun to fire, brain networks at rest appear to be waiting in a state of potentiation to execute even the simplest of behaviors. this evidence comes from a new paper published this week in the journal pl...



from the classroom to the nicu: real-world neuroscience opening new avenues




march 26, 2017 - san francisco - when going to the movies with a group of friends, one small action can make a big difference when it comes to being on the same page after the movie: eye contact. a simple conversation before the movie sets you up to be more in sync with your friends after the movie....



married lgbt older adults are healthier, happier than singles, study finds




same-sex marriage has been the law of the land for nearly two years -- and in some states for even longer -- but researchers can already detect positive health outcomes among couples who have tied the knot, a university of washington study finds. for years, studies have linked marriage with happines...



prevention and prediction: understanding how lung cancer progresses




philadelphia - treating the brain with a preventative course of radiation may help small cell lung cancer (sclc) patients - whose tumors often spread to their brain -- live longer, according to a new study from researchers in the abramson cancer center and perelman school of medicine at the universi...



how social media has synchronized human civilization




social network diagram. credit: daniel tenerife/wikipediahuman activity, whether commercial or social, contains patterns and moments of synchronicity. in recent years, social media like twitter has provided an unprecedented volume of data on the daily activities of humans all over the world. observi...



brain activity detector helps study pain relief for babies




diagnosing a newborn baby’s pain can prove baffling when infants broadly express discomfort or unhappiness through scrunched faces and wails. that could change with a new project that uses brain activity patterns to help figure out when babies experience pain. it’s an encouraging step toward hel...



brain scans may help clinicians choose talk therapy or medication treatment for




researchers from emory university have found that specific patterns of activity on brain scans may help clinicians identify whether psychotherapy or antidepressant medication is more likely to help individual patients recover from depression. the study, called predict, randomly assigned patients to ...



association between magnetic systems and certain states of brain activity




scientists from the university of granada (ugr) have proven for the first time that there is a close relationship between several emerging phenomena in magnetic systems (greatly studied by condensed matter physicists) and certain states of brain activity.



statistics method shows networks differ in epileptic brains




a novel statistical approach to analyzing patients with epilepsy has revealed details about their brains' internal networks. the findings may lead to better understanding and treatment of the disease, according to rice university researchers.rice statistician marina vannucci and lead author sharon c...