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novel bioactive steroid biosynthetic pathway in symbiotic fungi




a group of researchers from graduate school of pharmaceutical sciences at the university of tokyo and institute of traditional chinese medicine and natural products at jinan university, identified the biosynthetic gene cluster for the furanosteroid demethoxyviridin, and deciphered its biosynthetic p...



novel bioactive steroid biosynthetic pathway in symbiotic fungi




image: this is an image of the proposed biosynthetic pathway for demethoxyviridin (marked by red arrows), and its 3-oh derivative 2 (marked by blue arrows). the ergosterol pathway was marked by... view more credit: the university of tokyo & jinan universitya group of researchers from graduate scho...



biosynthetic secrets: how fungi make bioactive compounds




biological engineers at utah state university have successfully decoded and reprogrammed the biosynthetic machinery that produces a variety of natural compounds found in fungi.



soil fungi may help determine the resilience of forests to environmental change




nature is rife with symbiotic relationships, some of which take place out of sight, like the rich underground exchange of nutrients that occurs between trees and soil fungi.



umn medical school study uncovers new findings on antimicrobial drug synergy




minneapolis - march 27, 2018 - new data from a study led by researchers from the university of minnesota medical school could change how future antimicrobial drug combinations are discovered and developed.trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole is a highly synergistic antimicrobial drug combination that is wi...



why communication is vital -- even among plants and fungi




plant scientists at the university of cambridge have found a plant protein indispensable for communication early in the formation of symbiosis - the mutually beneficial relationship between plants and fungi. symbiosis significantly enhances a plant's ability to take up vital nutrients like phosphate...



why communication is vital -- even among plants and funghi




plant scientists at the university of cambridge have found a plant protein indispensable for communication early in the formation of symbiosis - the mutually beneficial relationship between plants and fungi. symbiosis significantly enhances a plant's ability to take up vital nutrients like phosphate...



why communication is vital—even among plants and funghi




plant scientists at the university of cambridge have found a plant protein indispensable for communication early in the formation of symbiosis - the mutually beneficial relationship between plants and fungi. symbiosis significantly enhances a plant's ability to take up vital nutrients like phosphate...



soil fungi may help determine the resilience of forests to environmental change




image: this map shows the distribution of 'em dominant' trees across forest inventory plots in the eastern united states. view more credit: kai zhunature is rife with symbiotic relationships, some of which take place out of sight, like the rich underground exchange of nutrients that occurs between...



plants, fungi and bacteria work together to clean polluted land




image: new genetic evidence suggests willow trees may tolerate pollution by providing sugars to symbiotic fungi surrounding their roots; the fungi, in turn, provide nutrients to hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria. view more credit: ectomycorrhizal fungi image by dr. hugues massicotte, forest ecology a...



ancient fungi could help canada's future northern forests




image: jason pither, associate professor of biology at ubc okanagan. view more credit: ubc okanaganas canada's vast boreal and tundra ecosystems experience dramatic warming due to climate change, trees are rapidly spreading north. new research from ubc's okanagan campus suggests some of these tree...



wsu tri-cities team researching use of fungi to restore native plant populations




image: megan brauner, a washington state university tri-cities undergraduate, is researching how fungi can help restore native plant populations. view more credit: washington state universityrichland, wash. - transplanting fungi to restore native plant populations in the midwest and northwest is t...



plants become more tolerant when living in symbiosis with fungi




medicago plants to study how mycorrhizal symbiosis affects their growth. credit: cornelia spetea wiklund, university of gothenburgby developing a symbiotic relationship with fungi, plants not only become more tolerant to diseases but can also help contribute to more sustainable agricultural practice...



the phenomenon of polymorphism in the atomic structure of the methylprednisolone




scientists at lobachevsky university (unn) in nizhny novgorod are studying physico-chemical properties of steroid hormone crystals. steroid hormones are a group of physiologically active substances that regulate the processes of vital activity in animals and humans. these include, for example, sex h...



plant relationships breakdown when they meet new 'fungi'




gijsbert werner, postdoctoral fellow and stuart west, professor of evolutionary biology, both in the department of zoology, explain the process of plant cooperation, in relation to their new study published in pnas, which has shed light on why cooperative relationships breakdown.unseen to most of us...



feeding fat to fungi: evidence for lipid transfer in arbuscular mycorrhiza




nearly all organisms live in symbiosis with a vast, diverse array of microbes. arbuscular mycorrhizal (am) symbiosis is the interaction between plants and a group of fungi called glomeromycota. most land plants, including several crop species, are able to interact with these fungi, which have been l...



magic enzymes | eurekalert! science news




little fungi pack a punch: "magic mushrooms" of the psilocybe species produce psychoactive compounds that alter perception when ingested. recently, the effects on the neuronal system caused by their ingredient psilocybin have attracted the interest of pharmacologists. german scientists have now iden...



fungi found in the guts of healthy adults just travel through




candida albicans. credit: wikipedia.fungi found in the gastrointestinal tracts of healthy adults are largely transient and stem from the mouth or foods recently consumed, according to new research published this week in msphere, an open access journal from the american society for microbiology. "man...



how fungi grow: a movie from inside the cell




fungi forming mold on food are hazardous. fungi supplying antibiotics are beneficial. fungi may be harmful pathogens. on the other hand, they are used for the production of food or medicine and in bioengineering. in either case, it is required to precisely understand their growth mechanism. research...



scientists map sex chromosome evolution in pathogenic fungi




biologically speaking, nearly every species on earth has two opposite sexes, male and female. but with some fungi and other microbes, sex can be a lot more complicated. some members of cryptococcus, a family of fungus linked to human disease, can have tens of thousands of different mating types.



tropical diversity takes root in relationships between fungi and seeds




examples of fungi isolated from seeds in a burial experiment at barro colorado island in panama. credit: carolina sarmiento/stria team led by smithsonian scientists in panama exposed a key to understanding tropical tree diversity by studying how fungi interact with seeds that linger in the ground. d...



fungi found in the guts of healthy adults just travel through




fungi found in the gastrointestinal tracts of healthy adults are largely transient and stem from the mouth or foods recently consumed, according to new research published this week in msphere, an open access journal from the american society for microbiology.



hip steroid injections associated with bone changes




image: a 58-year-old woman with left hip pain. x-ray from one month prior to the steroid/anesthetic injection demonstrates moderate joint space narrowing (arrows) and bony proliferation (arrowheads). view more credit: radiological society of north americachicago - osteoarthritis patients who recei...



arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities exposed with new dna sequencing approa




one of the two study sites -- the nic-te-ha cenote in a dry seasonal tropical forest in the yucatán peninsula, mexico. credit: louise egerton-warburtonthe roots of most land plants are colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, which help their plant partners to grow while also influencing the wide...



high-resolution imaging gives an unparalleled view of how fungi grow




fungi are a diverse group of organisms that are ever-present in daily life; from the yeast used to ferment beer and the mushrooms at the supermarket to the pathogen responsible for athlete's foot. many species of fungus grow by secreting enzymes-a process that can be co-opted as a biotechnology to m...