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research decoding the first deep-sea mussel genome published




a joint research led by hong kong baptist university (hkbu) and the hong kong university of science and technology (hkust) has assembled the 1.64 gigabytes genome of a deep-sea mussel, which is roughly equivalent to 50% of the size of human genome. this is the first decoded genome among all deep-sea...



genome editing in human cells




new techniques in molecular biology that enable targeted interventions in the genome are opening up promising new possibilities for research and application. the ethical and legal ramifications of these methods, known as "genome editing" and "genome surgery," need to be discussed throughout society,...



basf licenses crispr-cas9 genome-editing technology from the broad institute




basf has announced that it has reached a global licensing agreement with the broad institute of mit and harvard for the use of crispr-cas9 genome-editing technology to improve products in agricultural and industrial microbiology applications.the technology advances genome editing because it has the ...



genome sequence of fuel-producing alga announced




image: the genome of botryococcus braunii, being studied for its potential for biofuel by texas a&m agrilife research scientists in college station, has been sequenced. view more credit: (texas a&m agrilife research photo by kathleen phillips)the genome of the fuel-producing green microalga botryo...



bottle gourd genome provides insight on evolutionary history, relationships of c




researchers from the boyce thompson institute (bti), the united states department of agriculture (usda), and collaborators in china and france have produced the first high-quality genome sequence for the bottle gourd (lagenaria siceraria) and a reconstructed genome of the most recent cucurbitaceae a...



bottle gourd genome provides insight on evolutionary history, relationships of c




lagenaria siceraria. credit: wikipedia/cc by-sa 3.0researchers from the boyce thompson institute (bti), the united states department of agriculture (usda), and collaborators in china and france have produced the first high-quality genome sequence for the bottle gourd (lagenaria siceraria) and a reco...



german researchers sequence rye genome for first time




in this july 25, 2008 file photo rye spikes are pictured in a field near bad muenstereifel, western germany, during the morning sun. scientists in germany have for the first time mapped the entire genome of rye, a cereal known for its hardy properties. researchers from the technical university of mu...



knowledge gap on the origin of sex




there are significant gaps in our knowledge on the evolution of sex, according to a research review on sex chromosomes from lund university in sweden. even after more than a century of study, researchers do not know enough about the evolution of sex chromosomes to understand how males and females em...



scientists assemble zika virus mosquito genome from scratch




image: a multi-institutional team has sequenced the genome of the mosquito that transmits the zika virus uisng a new way to sequence the genome of an organism entirely from scratch, dramatically... view more credit: robert langa team spanning baylor college of medicine, rice university, texas child...



new analysis of rare argentinian rat unlocks origin of the largest mammalian gen




image: this is the red vizcacha rat, a rare species found in argentina. view more credit: mcmaster universityhamilton, july 12, 2017 -new biological information gleaned from the red vizcacha rat, a native species of argentina, demonstrates how genomes can rapidly change in size.researchers from mc...



study redefines hpv-related head and neck cancers




much of what we thought we knew about the human papilloma virus (hpv) in hpv-related head and neck cancers may be wrong, according to a newly published study by virginia commonwealth university (vcu) researchers that analyzed data from the human cancer genome atlas. head and neck cancers involving h...



research decoding the first deep-sea mussel genome published in nature




image: these are deep-sea mussels viewed from jiaolong's exploration of a methane seep in the south china sea. view more credit: hong kong baptist universitya joint research led by hong kong baptist university (hkbu) and the hong kong university of science and technology (hkust) has assembled the ...



new limits to functional portion of human genome reported




an evolutionary biologist at the university of houston has published new calculations that indicate no more than 25 percent of the human genome is functional. that is in stark contrast to suggestions by scientists with the encode project that as much as 80 percent of the genome is functional.



crowning the 'king of the crops': sequencing the white guinea yam genome




an international collaboration involving the earlham institute, norwich, uk, and the iwate biotechnology research centre, japan, has for the first time provided a genome sequence for the white guinea yam, a staple crop with huge economic and cultural significance on the african continent and a lifel...



what role do genome variations play in tuberculosis?




tuberculosis is caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis. in 2016, this was the most common causative pathogen for death by infectious diseases. therefore, investigating the biology of infection and disease development is important in the quest to end tuberculosis. in this study, the authors conducted a...



scientists reveal new and improved genome sequence of daphnia pulex




for many, experience with daphnia, commonly known as water fleas, ends in high school. the organism is often used for science experiments exploring water toxicity, because of its sensitivity to environmental factors. but the tiny, transparent microcrustaceans have been studied intensively for more t...



sunflower genome sequence to provide roadmap for more resilient crops




image: john m. burke is a professor of plant biology at the university of georgia. view more credit: paul efland/ugaathens, ga. - university of georgia researchers are part of an international team that has published the first sunflower genome sequence. this new resource will assist future researc...



wheat genome sequencing provides 'time tunnel'




wild emmer wheat. credit: © energin .r technologies 2009 ltd.a global team of researchers has published the first-ever wild emmer wheat genome sequence in science magazine. wild emmer wheat is the original form of nearly all the domesticated wheat in the world, including durum (pasta) and bread whe...



what's a knot—and what's not—in genomic mapping




a depiction of a part of a simulated dna molecule within a nanochannel. the green beads are an unknotted portion of the molecule and the orange beads are a knot. credit: jain and dorfmanwhile dna sequencing provides precise, nucleotide-by-nucleotide genomic information, genome mapping provides a big...



tourette syndrome risk increases in people with genetic copy variations




an international team that just conducted the largest study of tourette syndrome has identified genetic abnormalities that are the first definitive risk genes for the disorder.although tourette has long been thought to have a genetic basis -- because the syndrome tends to appear in families -- befor...



how molecular scissors cut in the right place




a research group at uppsala university has found out how crispr-cas9 -- also known as 'molecular scissors' -- can search the genome for a specific dna sequence. cas9 already has many applications in biotechnology and is also expected to revolutionise medicine. the new research findings show how cas9...



researchers use encryption to keep patients’ dna private




when trying to figure out which genetic mutations cause disease and which are associated with healthy individuals, researchers have in the past had to compare whole genomes of thousands of people. but with this work, scientists have shown that a whole genome isn't necessary and there are ways of kee...



new limits to functional portion of human genome reported




image: evolutionary biologist dan graur has published new calculations that indicate no more than 25 percent of the human genome is functional. view more credit: university of houstonan evolutionary biologist at the university of houston has published new calculations that indicate no more than 25...



researchers develop new capabilities for genome-wide engineering of yeast




image: university of illinois steven l. miller chair of chemical and biomolecular engineering huimin zhao, left, with carl r. woese institute for genomic biology research fellow tong si in front of... view more credit: kathryn faithone of humankind's oldest industrial partners is yeast, a familiar...



sequencing the white guinea yam genome




woman selling yam tubers at oje market, ibadan. credit: creative commons by international institute of tropical agriculture licensed with cc by nc 2.0an international collaboration involving the earlham institute, norwich, uk, and the iwate biotechnology research centre, japan, has for the first tim...